St. Agnes Mining District is around the small town of St. Agnes. The ore has been formed at the junction of the granite underlying St. Agnes Beacon and the complex metamorphosed country rock which surrounds it. To the west are ancient tin mines which run from Wheal Luna overlooking Trevaunance Cove through Seal Hole and Polberro towards St. Agnes Head. To the south-west lies Wheal Coates, and the copper mines of Wheal Charlotte and the Porthtowan mines of Tywarnhayle/United Hills and the Towan group. Wheal Kitty and Penhalls stand on the west of Trevaunance Cove, and Blue Hills is round the corner in Trevellas Coombe.
The cliffs west of St Agnes were worked by small mines such as Wheal Ocean and Wheal Prudence towards Cligga Head. Copper mines proliferated on the tops of the cliffs eastwards to Perran St. George and Droskyn Points.
Most of the mining activity was along the coast. To the south of St. Agnes around Goonbell and Mount Hawke, both originally miners' settlements, the small fields surrounding them show that many were miners' smallholdings.
St. Agnes is the main town in this district (Perranporth and Porthtowan were developed within the last hundred years as holiday destinations). St Agnes has two different centres, inland centred on its church, and on the sea round Trevaunance Coombe.
|St. Agnes Area|
|Name of Mine||Principal Shafts||Chief Produce||Notable Minerals|
|Blue Hills||Engine shaft||TIN|
|Higher Bal Mine|
|Cligga Head||Contact shaft||TIN||Wolfram|
|Great West Chiverton||LEAD||Galena|
|Royal Polberro||Turnavore shaft||TIN|
|West Polberro||TIN & COPPER|
|St Agnes Consols (Polberro Consols)|
|Seal Hole Mine|
|Stencoose & Mawla United|
|Tywarnhayle Mine/ United Hills||Taylor's Engine & Moncton's shaft||COPPER & TIN|
|Wheal Coates||Towanroath shaft||TIN|
|Wheal Friendly(West Pink)||Engine shaft||TIN|
|Wheal Kind (Wheal Kine)|
|Wheal Kitty & Penhalls United||Sara's, Holgate's and Engine shaft||COPPER & TIN|
|West Wheal Kitty (formerly Wheal Rock)||Thomas', & Reynolds shafts||TIN||Topaz|
|New Wheal Kitty (Livingstone Consols)|
|Wheal Music||COPPER & TIN|
|West Wheal Towan||Vivian's shaft||TIN|
|South Wheal Towan||Engine shaft||COPPER & TIN|
|Wheal Trevaunance||COPPER & TIN||Topaz|
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