Cornwall mines - St Agnes area

Cornwall mines - St Agnes area

St. Agnes Mining District is around the small town of St. Agnes. The ore has been formed at the junction of the granite underlying St. Agnes Beacon and the complex metamorphosed country rock which surrounds it. To the west are ancient tin mines which run from Wheal Luna overlooking Trevaunance Cove through Seal Hole and Polberro towards St. Agnes Head. To the south-west lies Wheal Coates, and the copper mines of Wheal Charlotte and the Porthtowan mines of Tywarnhayle/United Hills and the Towan group. Wheal Kitty and Penhalls stand on the west of Trevaunance Cove, and Blue Hills is round the corner in Trevellas Coombe.

The cliffs west of St Agnes were worked by small mines such as Wheal Ocean and Wheal Prudence towards Cligga Head. Copper mines proliferated on the tops of the cliffs eastwards to Perran St. George and Droskyn Points.

Most of the mining activity was along the coast. To the south of St. Agnes around Goonbell and Mount Hawke, both originally miners' settlements, the small fields surrounding them show that many were miners' smallholdings.

St. Agnes is the main town in this district (Perranporth and Porthtowan were developed within the last hundred years as holiday destinations). St Agnes has two different centres, inland centred on its church, and on the sea round Trevaunance Coombe.

St. Agnes Area
Name of Mine Principal Shafts Chief Produce Notable Minerals
Blue Hills Engine shaft TIN  
Higher Bal Mine      
Cligga Head Contact shaft TIN Wolfram
Great West Chiverton   LEAD Galena
Pell Mine      
Royal Polberro Turnavore shaft TIN  
West Polberro   TIN & COPPER  
St Agnes Consols (Polberro Consols)      
Seal Hole Mine      
Stencoose & Mawla United      
Turnavore Mine      
Tywarnhayle Mine/ United Hills Taylor's Engine & Moncton's shaft COPPER & TIN  
Wheal Coates Towanroath shaft TIN  
Wheal Charlotte      
Wheal Devonshire      
Wheal Ellen      
Wheal Friendly(West Pink) Engine shaft TIN  
Wheal Kind (Wheal Kine)      
Wheal Kitty & Penhalls United Sara's, Holgate's and Engine shaft COPPER & TIN  
West Wheal Kitty (formerly Wheal Rock) Thomas', & Reynolds shafts TIN Topaz
New Wheal Kitty (Livingstone Consols)      
Wheal Luna      
Wheal Music   COPPER & TIN  
Wheal Primrose      
Wheal Prudence      
Wheal Rock      
West Wheal Towan Vivian's shaft TIN  
South Wheal Towan Engine shaft COPPER & TIN  
Wheal Trevaunance   COPPER & TIN Topaz

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