Cornwall is the UK nomination for consideration by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The Mining Areas of Cornwall have been put together as this application
You can read more about the mines, mining areas of Cornwall and the mineral tramways that were built to support them on this site, or on our World Heritage Cornwall site which tells you more about the actual bid areas.
Because ore (particularly copper and tin) were to be found on the edges of granite outcrops, then this meant that mining areas were not contiguous, but were to be found where the granite was.
All commercial mining in Cornwall has ceased today, but the engine houses (solidly built to house large steam engines used to pump out the mines) survive in many cases, and can be seen dotting the landscape.
The mineral railways built to service the mines have gone too, but in many cases the line of the track has been opened as a footpath open to the public.
The World Heritage site bid is designed to protect the mine sites for posterity. Mining was an integral part of Cornish life, Cornwall was the largest producer of copper in the world in the early 1800's, and when the mines closed many Cornish families had to emigrate taking their expertise in mining with them.
It was said that if you found a deep hole in the ground anywhere in the world you would find a Cornishman at the bottom of it.
Cornwall UK Information