Henry Bone, English enamel painter

Henry Bone (1755 - 1834). Born Truro in 1755. Son of a woodcarver and cabinetmaker, he produced a dynasty of enamellers which included Henry Pierce Bone, Robert Trewick Bone and William Bone.

At the age of 16 he was apprenticed to William Cookworthy at the Plymouth China Works where china was made from the china clay that Cookworthy had discovered at St Austell. Bone developed into a skilled painter of pictures on porcelain buttons and broaches.

By 1778 he had moved to London where he painted in watercolours on ivory and enamel. He was apparently working in an enamel workshop, painting decoration for watches and jewellry In 1781 the Royal Academy exhibited his first enamel portrait miniature and his work was show regularly at the Royal Academy until 1831. He became an Associate of the RA in 1800, and in 1811 an Academician.

As he got older, most of his work was on enamel, Some on ivory exist from early in his career. His enamels were usually either copies of existing large paintings or a few were from life.

By 1800 was the official enamel painter to the Prince of Wales, followed by the appointment as enamelist to the king from 1801 until his death in 1854.

His are works are in major museums including the Metropolitan and the National Portrait Gallery. After his death, his "Bacchus and Ariadne, after Titian" painted on a plate, was sold for the high price of 2200 guineas.

His eldest son became enamelist to Queen Adelaide and Queen Victoria

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