Demographics of Cornwall

The current population of Cornwall can be gleaned from the Cornwall Population, National Statistics Office .

At the time of the Domesday Survey of 1086, the entire population of Cornwall was reckoned to be around 25,000.

It then increased until the Black Death (Bubonic Plague) in the 14th century probably reduced it by nearly two-thirds. In 1377 a poll-tax census was taken showed the entire population of Cornwall did not exceed 34,960 persons (Polsue).

By 1570 the population has been calculated at just less than 70,000 which had grown to almost 108,000 by the time of the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660.

The 1801 census showed 188,269 population, and by that it peaked by thhe 1861 census at 369,390. This figure was not surpassed again until 1971. The demise of mining and fishing had taken their toll.

Cornwall's Population  


Age structure             0 - 4         5-15         16- 29         30-44         45-64       65-74        75-84          85+

% of  Cornwall             6.1           13.1           17.1            20.4           23.7          10.7             6.9             2.0


Cornwall, government figures show at the peak of the season, there are over 290,000 visitors to Cornwall in any one day, which adds around 60% to the resident population. The seasonal influx of visitors has a far-reaching effect upon Cornwall’s character and life during the summer. On the plus side it provides employent and brings money into the economy, on the minus side it creates traffic congestion, pressure on services and environmental damage.

In 2003, 87.5% of visitors travelled to the County by car, 5.4% by coach, 4.2% by train and 2.9% by air and other modes. The use of the car has been slightly reduced since 1997 but still dominates the way in which visitors travel to Cornwall for their holiday.

Historical Cornwall Demographic information at Genuki


Cornwall HistoryInformation Cornwall History page